Fullerenes are closed hollow cage structures consisting of carbon atoms interconnected in pentagonal and hexagonal rings, some fullerenes include rings with five or seven carbon atoms; two examples of fullerenes are buckminsterfullerene and nanotubes. Their distinctive molecular structure results in incredible macroscopic properties which include high tensile strength, high electrical conductivity, high ductility, high heat conductivity, and relative chemical inactivity (as it is cylindrical and "planar" — that is, it has no "exposed" atoms that can be easily displaced).
The Fullerene family is ever growing but there are three important types of Fullerenes: C60, C70, and Fullerenols.
Fullerenes, have become important molecules in science and technology because these nanostructures have an advantage in the modification of the surface and the body of inorganic and organic materials. Fullerenes are mostly used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries where they play an important role as antioxidants.